UMS gramophone

The Gramophone (this was before the Monumental Lag Monument)

 The Gramophone is a sculpture made by MTM , placed right in front of the Victor Building , with Molster 's Monumental Lag Monument almost over it.

It depicts a wind up gramophone with a golden rear mount horn and record No. 13 on the platter.

Molster built a house inside the hollow cabinet, using a code locked entrance, similar to that of Jungle temples, and naming it The Gramohouse.


The gramophone was the second device ever cappable of playing sound recordings, it was invented by Emile Berliner in 1887, it uses a flat disk to hold the recording, instead of Edison's tinfoil and cylinder records.

On the beggining was mainly used as talking device for dolls and toys, by mid 1890's they started being manufactured for music recordings, with records being around 6-9 inches in diameter and recorded at a speed of about 60 rpm.

It's popularity had risen by the 1910's, with many companies operating, being among the biggest, Victor , Columbia, Pathé and the Gramophone Company, and recording quality being highly improved from it's origins.

Mechanical playback faded out during the 1930's and 40's as electric record players came to the scene, and the 78 rpm era had gone by almost worldwide by 1960.